EES 108 Class 15

EES 108 Class 15 - Success Cap-and-trade Acid-rain...

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Success Cap-and-trade Acid-rain prevention: Industry estimates: $7-10 billion/year EPA estimates: $3-4 billion/year Actual costs: $1 billion/year Compliance 4 years ahead of schedule Implications for cost-benefit analysis?
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NSR vs. Clear Skies New Source Review: Stricter standards Mandates best available control technology for all new or significantly improved plants Unimproved plants exempt Abuse of “routine maintenance” exemption Not enforced until 1990s Long, expensive lawsuits to enforce Current law mandates NSR Clear Skies Looser standards than NSR Exempts old plants during a transition period Up to 20% improvement/replacement counts as “routine maintenance” Promise of faster compliance (no lawsuits) Are looser standards that are enforced better than stricter standards that aren’t? Focus on emissions-trading Congress has refused to pass Clear Skies Federal courts: EPA can’t change rules unless Congress changes law.
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To fight photochemical smog in Tennessee  should you work harder to Reduce NO x  emissions? Reduce hydrocarbon emissions?
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Tennessee Hydrocarbon Sources
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Sources of pollutants in TN
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Catalytic Converters One catalyst reduces hydrocarbons: Burns incompletely combusted fuel Another reduces nitrogen oxides  NO + NO -> N 2  + O 2
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Tropospheric vs. Stratospheric 
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Guliver during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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EES 108 Class 15 - Success Cap-and-trade Acid-rain...

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