The+Lifeboat+Dilemma+-+Organizer-1.docx - The Lifeboat...

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The Lifeboat Dilemma Organizer Part I: Resource Companion Instructions : Read and listen to the Project Resources. Complete this section of the Organizer as you are exploring the Resources to help keep track of important concepts and apply them to the case of The Queen v. Dudley and Stephen s. Using your own words, respond to the following questions. 1. Michael Sandel identifies two types of moral reasoning. What are they? Briefly describe each. Consequentialist moral reasoning – the right or moral thing to do depends on the consequences that result from an action. Locates morality in the consequences of an act. Categorical moral reasoning – locates morality in certain absolute moral requirements in certain categorical duties and rights regardless of the consequences. 2. Summarize the case of The Queen v. Dudley and Stephen s. What are the facts? What is the major ethical issue involved? The group was cast away in a storm on the high seas in a life boat that had no food or water. After the men had been without food for seven days and without water for five, they decided to sacrifice Mr. Parker to save themselves. Mr. Parker was killed and the three remaining castaways fed upon him for four days before being rescued by a passing vessel. The ethical issues involved is – is it ethical or not ethical (wrong or right) for the three remaining men to have killed and fed off of the fourth in order to survive? Does the necessity to survive permit the killing of another? 3. What is the “principle of utility” according to Mill? Assessing an action’s consequences, and not the motives or character traits of the agent. Should be used as a tool for generating secondary moral principles, which promote general happiness.

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