Principles of Management Final Study Guide

Principles of Management Final Study Guide - .

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Lost at sea : is a team building activity  to encourage interaction and teamwork  among your group. Encourages group  decision-making. To develop an  understanding of the requirements for  effective group decision-making . HumanMetrics  is an online tests  provider focused on personality,  relationships, and entrepreneurship  testing. Garbage Can Model: Decisions appear to be made in a random and un-systematic way Problems, solutions, participants and choice opportunities are floating around randomly If these 4 things collide with the right people then a decision is made Highlights that not all decisions are made using a step-by-step model Connection between creativity and decision-making: Creativity: a process influenced by individual and organizational factors that results in the production of novel and  useful ideas, products, or both Preparation Incubation Illumination Verification Participative decision-making  occurs when individuals who are affected by decisions influence the making of  those decisions Supportive culture Team-oriented work design Participative decision making Groupthink : a deterioration of mental efficiency, reality testing, and moral judgment resulting from pressures  within the group (conformity). Group polarization:  the tendency for group discussion to produce shifts toward more extreme attitudes among  members Ethical Decision Making:   Is it legal?  (Will I be violating the law or company policy?) Is it balanced?  (Is it fair to all concerned in the short term and long term? Does it promote win–win  relationships?) 1
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How will it make me feel about myself?  (Will it make me proud of my actions? How will I feel when others become aware of the decision?) Power: the ability to influence someone else Influence: the process of affecting the thoughts, behavior, and feelings of another person Authority: the right to influence another person 5 Forms Of Power: Reward power: Based on agent’s ability to control rewards that a target wants Coercive power: Based on agent’s ability to cause the target to have an unpleasant experience Legitimate power: Based on position and mutual agreement Referent power: Based on interpersonal attraction Expert power: Based on specialized knowledge or skills that the target needs Kordas Form of Power: Power = status There are more people who inconvenience themselves on your behalf than there are people on whose behalf you would inconvenience yourself Furniture  Time power Standing by  Empowerment:  creating conditions for heightened motivation through the development of a strong sense of  personal self-efficacy
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