joselow_amygdala_2021.pdf - facts about the AMYGDALA The...

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factsabouttheAMYGDALAThe amygdala is comprised of two an almond-shaped partsof the brain's limbic system that are responsible foremotional learning and behavior, and memory.Fight or FlightThe amygdala processes threatslike a venomous snake on ahiking trail or a person with aweapon. It can release stresshormones into the blood stream.These hormones will increasethe heart rate, produce sweat,dilute pupils, and increase bloodflow. All this allows the body toprepare to survive either byfleeing or fighting. This is calledthe "Fight or Flight" response.(Javanbakht and Saab, 2017)The amygdala plays asignificant role inemotional salience andmemory by marking anemotional experience sothat it can be moreaccurately rememberedfor a longer period oftime (Sukel, 2018).Facial Expression DecodingThe amygdala processes and interprets facial expressions. It is especially calibrated todistinguish fear and anger.

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