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miscellenious compounds.pdf - Emetics These are the drugs...

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EmeticsThesearethedrugswhichgiverisetoforcedemesisbywhichthecontentsofthestomachgetexpelledthroughtheoralcavity.TheyareveryimportantincasesofPoisoning.
MechanismofactionTheemeticsactby2types:1.Locallyactingemetics:bylocalirritationofgastricmucosa.e.g.Ammoniumbicarbonate,Ipecacuanha2.Centrallyactingemetics:directlyontheChemoreceptorTriggerZone(CTZ)inthefloorofIVthventriclein medullae.g.Apomorphine&Morphine
CerebralCentersAffectingVomiting
Uses of Emetics1.Vomitingisprimarilyconsideredtobearespiratory function,itsultimateresultwouldcausetheevacuation ofthestomachthusemeticsproducesarefluxaactionby whichTOXICsubstancesgetsexpelledincaseof poisoning.2.Emeticsaresometimesaddedtocoughpreparationsin low dosestostimulateflowofrespiratorytract secretions.
NaturalEmeticsSalt water • Warm water– mild emetic • 2 spoonfulof common salt in 1 pint of warm waterMustard seed• 1 table spoonful ground mustardseeds in half-pin of warm water • Strong coee isffone of the best domestic stimulants, especially aftera narcotic poison
Inorganic Emetics1.Copper Sulphate2.Sodium Chloride3.Zinc Sulphate4.Sodium Potassium Tartrate
When not to use Emetics????

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Term
Fall
Professor
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Tags
Sodium, Sodium chloride, Cyanide poisoning

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