Personification and Defamiliarization

Personification and Defamiliarization - peculiarities of...

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Personification The impersonation or embodiment of some quality or abstraction; the attribution of human qualities to inanimate objects. Personification is inherent in many languages through the use of gender, and it appears to be very frequent in all literatures – especially in poetry. Defamiliarization A concept and term introduced by Viktor Shklovsky, an important member of the Russian School of Formalism. It is a translation of the Russian ostranenie ‘making strange.’ To ‘defamiliarize’ is to make fresh, new, strange, different what is familiar and known. Through defamiliarization the writer modifies the reader’s habitual perceptions by drawing attention to the artifice to of the text. This is a matter of literary technique. What the reader notices is not the picture of reality that is being presented but the
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Unformatted text preview: peculiarities of the writing itself. In his essay Art as Technique (1917) Shklovsky makes his point pretty clear: The purpose of art is to impart the sensation of things as they are perceived, and not as they are known. The technique of art is to make objects ‘unfamiliar,’ to make forms difficult, to increase the difficulty of length and perception, because the process of perception is an aesthetic end in itself and must be prolonged. Art is a way of experiencing the artfulness of an object; the object is not important . Cited from: Cuddon, J.A. The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory . London: Penguin, 1999. Question: What are examples of personification and defamiliarization in modern Japanese literature? Can you find some from our course readings?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2008 for the course MODL 398 taught by Professor Amano during the Spring '08 term at UNL.

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