HMA1 - (VMA101E History of Media Arts 19th Century...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
(VMA101E) History of Media Arts 19 th Century Invention - 1. Telegraph o 1. Samuel F. B. Morse o 2. Invention, 1844 o 3. Ideological Use (Manifest Destiny) 4. Economic Use Samuel Morse (The American Leonardo) o Wanted to make a lot of money so he could paint the rest of his life. o Found interest in magnetism and sound…wanted to find a way to take the science and use it for information o Created code in a series of electromagnetic pulses over wire that could be deciphered into letters Morse Code o Alfred Veil – receiving key (series of clicks) o Morse eventually goes to U.S Gov. and receives 30K grant which allows him to string wires from D.C to Baltimore o May 24, 1844 - lines are ready for transmission “What Hath God Wrought?” – 1 st message o Morse tries to get patent for transmitter, but Gov. isn’t interested o Telegraph ends up being crucial to “Manifest Destiny” expansion West o Telegraph + Railroad = West 1858 – First Trans-Atlantic cable completed - could now communicate with Europe, although initial try was flawed Importance of Telegraph Used mainly for commerce and information o Marks beginning of distance journalism (non-local stories and information) o Becomes Associated Press (AP) o 1860s and 1870s, people begin complaining about too much info in papers Example of Invention as Synthesis Example of Ideology and /economics shaping a technology Establishes a pattern of Media Ownership and Control o Monopolies, Trusts, Corporate Control, and weak Gov. regulation 2. Telephone 1. Alexander Graham Bell - Originally created as a method of comm. for hard of hearing - 1885 AT&T created, monopolized telephone industry thru 1890 when MCI came along 3. Phonograph - Thomas Edison Edison Speaking Phonograph Co. – 1878
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
- Originally Edison wanted to create it for info, but soon shifted toward the entertainment/personal use of the day - Mid to late 1890s, phonographs were sold at local stores in towns across America - Targeted to middle and upper class families - Grahmaphone – prototype record player eventually makes phonograph obsolete 4. Wireless (Radio) I. Early Development - J.C Maxwell, Heinrich Hertz II. Guglielmo Marconi A. Background Son of Italian Count and heiress to Jamison Whiskey Fortune Became interested in Hertzian waves at an early age B. Marconi in England - Along with his mother, Marconi travels to England to try to patent his wireless telegraphy device - 1897 – Patent Received **** - After setting up system in England, Marconi comes to America to get patent in 1899, but U.S didn’t like his system C. Marconi in U.S - Begins using wireless for corporations and businesses throughout U.S 1. Telecommunications – Transmission and reception of info by electromagnetic means over radio waves or by wire 2. Broadcasting – Transmission of radio or TV signals intended for general public reception 3. Telephony (voice) vs. Telegraphy (coded) Development of Movies Result of 3 innovations 1. Magic Lanterns - People would go to local lecture hall to watch these very
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 10

HMA1 - (VMA101E History of Media Arts 19th Century...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online