HMA2 - History of Media Arts Section II I The German Golden...

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History of Media Arts: Section II The German Golden Age I. Prehistory a. Autorenfilm b. The Student of Prague (1913) i. focus on mystery, supernatural – a lot of shadows and double exposures II. The Weimar Republic (1919-1933) III. The Industry UFA a. Tries to get loan from Paramount and Metro in America b. THE PARUFAMET AGREEMENT IV. The Golden Age i. Costume films (Ernst Lubitsch) 1. Madame Du Barry (1919) ii. Expressionism iii. Realism Expressionism 1. Art Movement - Revolt against impressionism, naturalism, optimism - Munch, Grosz, Beckman - Max Reinhardt 2. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919) D: Robert Wiene - Decla-Bioscope - Establishes expressionist characteristics o Stories of uncanny, psychological dysfunction o Acting style o Characters=types o Styleized design ( mise-en-scene ) Settings and props Lighting Costume and make-up Figure expression and movement 3. Nosferatu (1922) D: F. W Murnau 4. Metropolis (1926) D: Fritz Lang - Shufftan Process Realism 1. Kammerspiel - “Intimate Theater” - Characteristics 2. The Last Laugh (1924) D: F. W Murau, w/ Emil Jannings DP: Karl Freund (The “unchained” camera)
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3. End of the Golden Age Legacy of German Golden Age I. Stylistic concerns II. Expressionism in Hollywood - Horror films - Orson Welles (Citizen Kane) - Film Noir Night of the Hunter (1955) Charles Laughton Val Lewton – I Walked with a Zombie The Seventh Victim Soviet Cinema in the 1920s I. Context a. VGIK (Moscow Film School) b. “Agitprop” (agitation+propaganda) II. Dziga Vertov a. Kino Pravda Newsreels (Cinema Truth) III. Lev Kuleshov a. “Kuleshov Workshop” b. Creative Geography c. The Kuleshov Effect i. “Every shot has two distinct values; that which it possesses as a photographic image of reality and that which it acquires when placed in relationship to other shots” IV. Montage a. Sergei Eisenstein i. Montage of Attractions ii. Strike (1925) iii. Potemkin (1925) 1. Odessa Steps sequence 5 types of montage A. Metric (proportional) B. Rhythmic (speed) C. Tonal (emotional) D. Overtonal (combo. Of above)
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HMA2 - History of Media Arts Section II I The German Golden...

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