SOCW 6111 Discussion 1 to 5.docx - Week 1 Discussion 2 The...

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Week 1 Discussion 2 The social issue I chose to focus on in my introductory video focuses on the advocacy for special need children in school settings. The use of theory is beneficial to this topic because it helps to provide evidence for the need of certain programs or supports in the school setting. For example, it is my belief that every individual experiences phases of Erikson’s 8 stages psychosocial development. But, I do not believe that every individual completes these 8 stages. The completion of such can depend on the varying levels of disability. Despite whether the client completes all 8 stages or not, I believe it is important to meet a client where he/she is at. Interventions should be done on their specific level in efforts to encourage growth in the developmental trajectory that is specific to them. I would like to present one of my experiences as a case example. Previously, I worked with a 10 year old child whom was diagnosed with Autism. He was non-verbal. But, he would communicate with physical prompting and facial expressions/emotions. He attended school where he had interaction with other children. But, he interacted with them by touching them, watching them closely, or standing close by them. Sometimes, he would try to imitate their actions or express a desire to play through physical prompting (picking up similar objects, sitting near children, etc.). Based upon his age, the child whom I worked with could be said to be experiencing the industry vs inferiority stage. In this stage, children compare their selves to other children and develop a sense of pride/accomplishment (Knight, n.d.). The child whom I worked with would compare himself to other children (i.e. watching them closely) and would try to engage/imitate the children he watched. While working with this child, I would set up play dates with other children of my family in order to encourage the child to interact with other children and play with them appropriately. We would play various activities that all parties enjoyed. The child whom I worked with was engaged and began to implement these behaviors when interacting with other children. It is believed that the positive experiences that he experienced with the children of my family helped to develop a sense of pride/accomplishment that reinforced that he was the same as other children and that he could engage with other children without feeling “out-of place”. In this example, I used theory to guide the interventions that I utilized in order to help this child gain new skills on the level he was on. In social work, clients come from a variety of backgrounds, experiences, and beliefs. Subsequently, it is important to utilize tools that help clients regardless of background. These tools derive from theory. Theory helps to explain human behavior, make sense of the interacting factors, and elicit change.

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