L17 KENNEDY VIETNAM AND CUBA - 10/30 L17 KENNEDY: 1960...

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10/30L17 KENNEDY: 1960 ELECTIONFocus that he said a missile had emerged as Eisenhower was lazy therefore Soviets hadmore missilesWas a lie: way of giving a strategic head Was a missile gapInauguration address “bear any burden”: activist approach to Foreign PolicyOverall goal was to contain communism and shape a balance of power in the US GENERAL POLICIES AND INFLUENCES Flexible Responses:Built up more conventional weapons and forcesGreen bares: engage in different type of warfare “Military Keynesianism”: ok with spending a lot more money as think defense is worthit. Defense expenditure rose 14%Missile build up and Special Forces BAY OF PIGSWhy it happened:Castro starting to do a lot of anti-American rhetoric. Growing communist state close to the US Increase influence of the SovietsKennedy’s advisors: CIA influence Lack of centralized policy making in Kennedy administrationIdeal plan:Air strikes on April 15US planes disguised as Cuban exiles Launched from NicaraguaWas to knock out Castro planes: did not happen well, only did a few2ndStrike on Bay of Pigs: No authorization from Kennedy – concerned that Cubans would know US involvement = resistance Bad location: Bay was loyal to Castro = people liked Castro in the area. US assumed that Cubans wanted to overthrow Castro Previous Intel: Cubans had known of the plan Larger scheme of failure = Underestimated military and political power of Castro, overestimate of US powers and air force

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