Chapter 12 – MLA Citation
Chapter 12 (368 -378)/ Answer Questions 1, 2, 5, 8, 10, 11 on
Rough Draft Due Wednesday, 3-4 copies
Integrating Source Material
So you found a credible source, now how do you insert it properly into a paper?
First, be certain that you’re using the source to
support your own ideas
, rather than
relying on the source to give you all the ideas. There are different ways of inserting
Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation
expressing a source’s ideas
in your own words
, in order to condense a large
amount of information.
: restates a specific passage, using words and sentence structure different
from the author.
: directly repeating a passage from a source
When picking a quote, be very selective! Choose quotes that are unique and add some
flavor to your ideas or work as evidence for your analysis. Quoting from a primary source
is particular helpful. However, be very careful when quoting secondary sources, as you
do not want to use too many and therefore clutter your paper and detract from your own
Make certain you
the borrowed material within the text (this is like a transition
into the source information).
Ex. As Peter Herman states, “….” (123).
Please note that not citing a source is plagiarism. Be VERY careful not to commit
plagiarism as it can have dire consequences. If you think that you might want to cite
some information, err on the safe side of caution.
However, not all information needs to be cited. If something is considered common
knowledge, that is to say, if most people would know this information or recognize it as
true, then you do not have to cite a source.
Quotes that exceed four lines of text should be “blocked.” In order to do so, you eliminate
the quotation marks, use a colon to introduce the quote, and then indent each line 1” (or
ten spaces) from the left margin. Always provide a brief introduction to a long quote,
then finish the quote with a concluding thought about what the quote means/suggests.