civil disobedience - Crito, Plato I. Socrates is convicted...

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Crito,      Plato     I. Socrates is convicted of corrupting the young and  offending the gods a. Setting:  Socrates’ prison cell, where he awaits  execution. b. Crito:  an old friend who has made an  arrangement to smuggle Socrates out of prison  (and thus to save him from the execution) c. Socrates is irritatingly resistant to Crito’s  pleadings to come with him. d. Crito attempts to offer Socrates several  arguments as to why he ought to escape: i. Practically:  Socrates’ friends will be  harmed because people will think that they  stood by and did nothing to help him ii. Financially:  Socrates’ friends will pay for  both his escape and his life in exile, etc…. iii. Ethically: 1. Is Socrates stays in his cell, he would  be helping his enemies’ unjust goals,  and thus would be acting unjustly  himself 2. He would be abandoning his sons,  who would be without a father. e. Socrates: 1
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i. Public opinion does not matter -- only listen  to wise/expert advice.  Reputations do not  matter --  only acting justly/being a good  person do. 1. The only real ethical question is the  question of justice -- would it be just  for Socrates to escape?  If it is, then  Socrates will go with Crito, and if it  is not, he will stay and await his  execution. f. How to decide:  the voice of the Laws of Athens:  Socrates introduces the voice of the Laws of  Athens which tell Socrates why it would be  unjust for him to leave: i. The Laws are one entity  --  to break one  would be to break them all 1. This would cause them (and thus the  polis) great harm. 2. All citizens are bound to the laws 
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civil disobedience - Crito, Plato I. Socrates is convicted...

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