SOC Exam 2.docx - Rasheed Balogun Sociology 180 Exam 2 1...

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Rasheed Balogun Sociology 180 4/27/2021 Exam 2 1. Using what you learned from Simmel, Latane, and Darley, define the following terms: dyad, triad, and social loafing. Provide an example of how each term impacts communication. The dyad is a form of human interaction between two people whereas a triad human interactions between a set or group of three different people that are connected. A German sociologist name George Simmel who observed and explored the diversities of interaction that are obtainable within category of differing sizes. Simmel made some important observations. He observed that the nature of the interaction changed when a person was added to a dyad. An example of dyad would be if two nursing student met at the library to study together for a test. Notice that this interaction only involves two individuals. An example of triad would be if three nursing students got together and met at the library to study for a test. If one of the nursing student in the triad left, according to Simmons, a dyad would remain and interactions would carry on. Social loafing is a phenomenon in which people feel less responsible to act when in large numbers, working in a group, etc. compared to when they are working alone. The phenomenon was discovered by Latane and Darly when they investigate why 38 residents who were in close proximity to a woman being stabbed to death failed to act. The investigators found that residents believed that someone else would act so they did nothing. Upon further research Latane and Darly found that the size of the group has significance. According to Latane and Darly, the larger the group, the less responsible each member of the group will feel for what occur in their midst.
The example given in the reading is that of professor trying to get his class of 30 students to respond or participate in class. What happens is that instead of 30 student responding or participating, the majority of the class engages in social loafing while 3 or 4 motivated student respond. 2. Discuss Mead’s idea of social identity, using the terms I, Me, and Generalized Other to explain the concept.

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