Webb Chapter 6 - Shaub 1 Christie Shaub Professor Linden...

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Shaub 1 Christie Shaub February 24, 2008 Professor Linden Webb Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Questions: 1. Describe the impact of Thomas Jefferson and Noah Webster on American Education in the early 19 th century. Jefferson was one of the chief proponents of the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution. Jefferson’s Bill for More General Diffusion of Knowledge introduced in 1779, provided for the establishment of a system of public schools that would provide the masses with the basic education necessary to ensure good government, public safety and happiness. Each county would be subdivided into hundreds in which each would have an elementary school provided by taxes. This introduction removed the stigma of pauperism from elementary schooling and proposed a system of universal, free, public education. He also established the University of Virginia in 1825. Noah Webster sought cultural independence. Webster prepared a number of spelling, grammar and reading books to replace the English texts in use, he also produced an American version of the Bible and what became the American Dictionary of the English language. Of his textbooks, the most important was the Elementary Spelling Book, which included both a federal catechism with political and patriotic content and a moral catechism whose content was related to respect for honest work and property rights, the value of money, the virtues of industry and thrift, the danger of drink and contentment with ones economic status. He also supported education for women. 2. Identify the contributions of the following to the early expansion of educational opportunities in the early national period: a. Monitorial schools- Provided an inexpensive system for educating poor children and submission to the system was supposed to instill the virtues of orderliness, obedience and industriousness. May have been the model for the factory-like urban schools that emerged in the US in the late 19 th century. b. Sunday schools- Purpose was to offer the rudiments of reading and writing to children who worked during the week, and to provide them with an alternative to roaming the streets on Sundays. Initial and practical purpose had been superseded by religious interests and these schools had become primarily religious institutions operated by Sunday school societies with an evangelical mission. Often paved the way to the common school. c. Infant schools- These schools were taught by women and were designed for children
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course ED 110.B taught by Professor Linden during the Spring '08 term at Arcadia University.

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Webb Chapter 6 - Shaub 1 Christie Shaub Professor Linden...

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