webb4 - Shaub 1 Christie Shaub January 24, 2008 ED 110B...

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Shaub 1 Christie Shaub January 24, 2008 ED 110B Webb Ch. 4 Perennialism - the philosophies of idealism, realism and neo-Thomism are embedded in the perennialist theory of education. The natures of the learner - all students are rational beings who exemplify value and worth. Ecclesiastical perennialists believe students have been endowed with an intellect and a soul. Curriculum - Emphasis on a strong liberal arts curriculum that includes such cognitive subjects as philosophy, mathematics, history, geography, political science, sociology, theology, languages and literature, physical and life sciences, and the fine arts and humanities. Character training and moral development are also included. Teaching methods - Didactic instruction, coaching and the Socratic method. Classroom management - Teacher has an obligation to discipline the student in order to train the will. Reinforcement on time on task, precision and order. Evaluation (assessment of learning)- Objective examinations are the favored educational tool. Essay examinations would also be used. Teacher characteristics - The teacher who is well educated in the liberal arts to be the authority figure and the instrument that provides for the dissemination of truth. The intellectual coach. Must be a model of intellectual and rational powers, must be capable of logical analysis, be comfortable with the scientific method, be well versed in the classics and possess a good memory and be capable of the highest forms of mental reasoning. Progressivism - the philosophy of pragmatism is embedded in the progressivist theory. The natures of the learner - The child is an experiencing organism who is capable of learning by doing. Students are evolving and active beings capable of interacting with heir environment, setting objectives for their own learning and working together to solve common problems. Also capable of establishing rules for governing their classrooms, and testing and evaluating ideas for the improvement of learning. Curriculum - Experience centered, relevant and reflected. Integrates several subjects but would not reflect universal truths, a particular body of knowledge or a set of prescribed core courses. It would be responsive to the interests, needs and experiences of the individual with which would vary according to the situation. Child centered, peer centered, growth centered, action centered, process and change centered, equality and community centered. Features open classroom environment. Teaching methods -Includes group work and the project method. Teaching method that fosters individual and group initiative, spontaneity of expression, and creative new ideas would be used. Classroom activities in critical thinking, problem solving, decision making and cooperative learning. Classroom management
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webb4 - Shaub 1 Christie Shaub January 24, 2008 ED 110B...

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