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criminology midterm notes

criminology midterm notes - Review Questions for...

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Review Questions for Criminology Midterm Exam 1. Present the major elements of criminal law which were presented as Jerome Hall’s theory of Criminal Law. a) laws to be restricted to rules controlling conduct not thought b) laws should be designed to prevent some specific harm c)intent distinguishes crime from accidents, illness, acts of god d) justification- that you can control most peoples conduct by threatening them with punishment 2. Criminal law is the process of political process. Politically, specificity, uniformity, and personal sanction 3.Rule of Law is the principle that no one is above the law. The most important principle is that the governmental authority is legitimately exercised only in accordance with written, publicly disclosed laws adopted and enforced in accordance with established procedural steps that one referred to as due process. 4. Violent crime- rape murder, etc… Property crime- embezzlement, fraud, money laundering Victimless crime- prositution, gambling, drug used, homosexuality, abortion 5. Murder- the unlawful killing of a human person with malice aforethought Rape- forced sexual intercourse; sexual assault Robbery- the crime of seizing property through violence and intimidation 6. Larceny- the unlawful taking and removing of another’s personal property with the intent of permanently depriving the owner; theft Arson- Crime of maliciously, voluntarily, and willfully setting fire to a building, buildings, or other property of another or of burning one’s own property for an improper purpose, as to collect insurance. Burglary- The act of entering a building or other premises with the intent to commit theft. 7. Abortion- termination of pregnancy and expulsion of an embryo of a fetus that is incapable of survival Gambling- betting or staking of something of value on the outcome of a gamble or event. Legal in the United States depending what state that you are in and
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what kind of gambling you are partaking in. Drugs- A crime where a type of substance is illegal therefore punishable if you do not have proper verification that you are an exception i.e. legally smoking marijuana for medical purposes. 8. Uniform Crime Reports Program- Compiled by the F.B.I, a large database of crimes reported/ arrests made each year in the United States. Strengths- tells most crimes that have been committed Can show what areas are more involved in crimes then others Weaknesses-Victims don’t always report crimes Systematic errors No federal crimes are reported, F.B.I. uses estimations 9. Nation Crime Victimization Survey- This survey gives random victims a chance to put on paper the crimes committed against them Strengths- UCR doesn’t get all crimes because they’re not always reported, but NCVS gives more information on crimes that might not of been reported Weaknesses- over-reporting due to misunderstanding and misinterpretations of events Under-reporting due to fear, embarassment of crimes committed, sampling errors Inadequate question forms 10.Self-report crime Survey’s
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