Government Mid Term Cheat Sheet

Government Mid Term Cheat Sheet - Government-the...

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Government-the individuals, institutions, and processes that make the rules for society and possess the power to enforce them. Politics-the pursuit and exercise of power. Democracy-demos-the populace, kratia-rule-rule by people. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness….” Magna Carta-confirmed that the power of the king was not absolute. John Locke believed in the natural rights, the belief that all people possess certain basic rights that may not be abridged by government. From England also came the common law-law as expressed in judicial decisions. The royal colonies where New, Hampshire, NY, NJ, Virginia, NC, SC, GA, Massachusetts-controlled by king through governors he appointed. The proprietary colonies where Maryland, Delaware, and Pennsylvania-named the governors but were subject to approval of the crown. The charter colonies RI and Connecticut were self-government. Pennsylvania had a unicameral legislature. 9 out of 13 colonies had official church. Britain is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. Has no single, formal written constitution. Articles of Confederation was weak and dominated by the states. It was unicameral and only had power to ask for taxes. The Virginia Plan-2 house legislature, lower chosen by people and upper by the lower. National executive-could be more than 1 pres. A national judiciary chosen by legislature. New Jersey Plan-continue AOC, one vote each state, strong congress(tax and trade) would have supreme law. executive w/ more than 1 person to be elected to congress. Supreme Court appointed by executive. The Connecticut Compromise(great)-house # by state size, senate two per state. Of the 55 delegates to the convention, at least 25 owned slaves. Federal system-national and state. The framers-influenced by Baron de Montesquieu-advocated a separation of powers into legislative,
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PS 1100 taught by Professor James during the Spring '08 term at Rockhurst.

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Government Mid Term Cheat Sheet - Government-the...

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