Government-the individuals, institutions, and processes that make the rules for society and possess the power to enforce them.
Politics-the pursuit and exercise of power.
Democracy-demos-the populace, kratia-rule-rule by people.
“We hold these truths to be
self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness….”
Magna Carta-confirmed that the power of the king was not absolute.
John Locke believed in the natural rights, the belief that all people possess certain basic rights that may not be abridged by
government. From England also came the
common law-law as expressed in judicial decisions. The
royal colonies where New,
Hampshire, NY, NJ, Virginia, NC, SC, GA, Massachusetts-controlled by king through governors he appointed. The
colonies where Maryland, Delaware, and Pennsylvania-named the governors but were subject to approval of the crown. The
colonies RI and Connecticut were self-government. Pennsylvania had a unicameral legislature. 9 out of 13 colonies had official
Britain is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. Has no single, formal written constitution.
of Confederation was weak and dominated by the states. It was unicameral and only had power to ask for taxes.
The Virginia Plan-2
house legislature, lower chosen by people and upper by the lower. National executive-could be more than 1 pres. A national judiciary
chosen by legislature.
New Jersey Plan-continue AOC, one vote each state, strong congress(tax and trade) would have supreme law.
executive w/ more than 1 person to be elected to congress. Supreme Court appointed by executive.
Compromise(great)-house # by state size, senate two per state. Of the 55 delegates to the convention, at least 25 owned
system-national and state. The framers-influenced by
Baron de Montesquieu-advocated a separation of powers into legislative,