Roper v. Simmons - Amicus Brief

Roper v. Simmons - Amicus Brief - No 03-633 = In The...

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No. 03-633 ================================================================ In The Supreme Court of the United States --------------------------------- --------------------------------- DONALD P. ROPER, SUPERINTENDENT, POTOSI CORRECTIONAL CENTER, Petitioner v. CHRISTOPHER SIMMONS --------------------------------- --------------------------------- On Writ Of Certiorari To The Supreme Court Of Missouri --------------------------------- --------------------------------- BRIEF FOR THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, AND THE MISSOURI PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION AS AMICI CURIAE SUPPORTING RESPONDENT --------------------------------- --------------------------------- N ATHALIE F.P. G ILFOYLE General Counsel L INDSAY C HILDRESS -B EATTY A MERICAN P SYCHOLOGICAL A SSOCIATION 750 First Street, NE Washington, DC 20002 D REW S. D AYS , III Counsel of Record B ETH S. B RINKMANN S HERRI N. B LOUNT T IMOTHY C. L AMBERT M ORRISON OERSTER LLP 2000 Pennsylvania Ave., NW Washington, DC 20006 (202) 887-1500 Counsel for Amici Curiae J ULY 19, 2004 ================================================================ COCKLE LAW BRIEF PRINTING CO. (800) 225-6964 OR CALL COLLECT (402) 342-2831
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i TABLE OF CONTENTS Page TABLE OF AUTHORITIES. .......................................... iii INTEREST OF AMICI CURIAE ................................... 1 SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT. ....................................... 2 ARGUMENT. .................................................................. 4 B EHAVIORAL S TUDIES A ND R ECENT N EURO- PSYCHOLOGICAL R ESEARCH D EMONSTRATE T HAT E XECUTION O F T HOSE U NDER 18 Y EARS O LD W HEN T HEIR O FFENSES W ERE C OMMITTED W OULD N OT F URTHER T HE C ONSTITUTIONAL P URPOSES O F T HE D EATH P ENALTY A ND W OULD N OT M EET E IGHTH A MENDMENT S TANDARDS ............................................. 4 A. Adolescents, As A Group, Think And Behave Differently From Adults In Ways That Undermine The Court’s Constitutional Rationale For Capital Punishment In Cases Of Adolescent Offenders. ......................................... 4 1. Adolescence is a period in which character is forming and often involves heightened risk-taking and even criminal conduct which are moderated or eliminated by the individual in adulthood. .............................. 5 2. Adolescent decision-makers on average are less future-oriented and less likely to consider properly the consequences of their actions. ................................................ 7 3. Neuropsychological research demonstrates that the adolescent brain has not reached adult maturity . ............................................ 9
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ii TABLE OF CONTENTS – Continued Page 4. Given that 16- and 17-year-olds as a group are less mature developmentally than adults, imposing capital punishment on such adolescents does not serve the judicially recognized purposes of the sanction. ....................................................... 13 B. Individualized Capital Sentencing Proceedings Do Not Account For The Mitigating Effect Of
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course SOP 4842 taught by Professor Reardon during the Spring '08 term at FIU.

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Roper v. Simmons - Amicus Brief - No 03-633 = In The...

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