Lab 6.docx - SCIENCE LAB REPORT the development of the Moon...

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SCIENCE LAB REPORT the development of the Moon with observations of the Moon and Earth Maia Reason 08.01.2021 Lab 5 Professor Rooney
Reason 1 The moon is something that has been distinguished since the dawn of time. With this in mind it is the largest and is the only natural satellite to Earth. It is also the only other place that humans have ever been with their being 100 lunar missions since the 1950s. With the recent advancements in technology, the Moon has begun to become an interesting topic for discussion. With many things that have become constants have been questioned on the creation and many theories have been brought to light for the creation of the Moon. One theory supposes that the sun spun to light and following this event, the planets of the solar system began to form. However, in this theory it is said that it took another hundred million years for the Earth’s moon to come into existence. The three theories that are acknowledged are the giant impact hypothesis, the conformation theory, and the capture theory. Giant impact hypothesis The theory that seems to prevail and is widely supported by the scientific community is the giant impact hypothesis. This theory suggests that the moon formed when an object smashed into the early formation of Earth. Like many of the other planets, Earth formed from the remnants from clouds of dust and gas orbiting the young sun. The early solar system was a violent place, and a number of bodies were created that never made it to full planetary status. With this in mind, these bodies could have crashed into Earth not long after the young planet was created. Known as Theia, the Mars-sized body collided with Earth. With the impact from the collision, it threw vaporized chunks of the young Earth’s crust into space. With gravity in play, the ejected particles bound together creating a moon that became the largest in the solar system in comparison to its host planet. This formation would be an explanation to why the moon is made from lighter elements, making it less dense than Earth. The material formed derives from the
Reason 2 crust, while leaving the core of Earth untouched. When the materials came together around what was left of Theia’s core, it would have centered near Earth's ecliptic plane, the path the sun travels through the sky, which is exactly where the moon orbits today. When Earth and Theia collided together, the energy involved in the collision was a hundred million times larger than the later events that are believed to have wiped out dinosaurs according to NASA. However, with most theories, there comes to be some things to note. Most models suggest that more than 60 percent of the moon should be made up of the material from Theia, but samples found through the Apollo mission suggest something entirely different. According to Alessandra Mastrobuono-Battisti, an astrophysicist at the Israel Institute of Technology, she noted, "In terms of composition, the Earth and moon are almost twins, their compositions

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