Sociology 1 Lecture9

Sociology 1 Lecture9 - Sociology 1 Lecture 9 12:30:00 PM...

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Sociology 1 Lecture 9 05/02/2008 15:30:00 Understanding Stratification Social Inequality—the condition in which members of society have different  amounts of wealth, prestige, or power o Stratification:  The structured ranking of entire groups of people that  perpetuates unequal economic rewards in society o Income: Salaries and wages o Wealth: Encompasses all of the person’s material assets Systems of stratification o Slavery: Extreme form of legalized inequality for individuals r groups o Castes:  hereditary systems of rank, usually religiously fixed, that tend  to be fixed and immobile o Estates:  Peasants work land leased to them by nobles in exchange for  military protection and other services o Class:  Social ranking based primarily on economic position in which  achieved characteristics can influence social mobility o 6 classes to describe US Upper Class Upper-Middle Class Lower-Middle Class Working Class Lower Class Karl Marx’s view of Class differentiation o Social relations depend on who controls the primary mode of  production (goods made in factories/land—rich are people who own  land/factories) Capitalism:  Economic system in which the means of production  are held largely in private hands and the main incentive for 
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Sociology 1 Lecture9 - Sociology 1 Lecture 9 12:30:00 PM...

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