Emergent and Beginning Literacy Learners What Are the Differences.doc

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1Discussion: Emergent and Beginning Literacy Learners: What Are the Differences?Claudia D. UterMaster of Science in Education, Walden UniversityREAD 6706: Literacy Development, Pre K–3Dr. Linda HolcombJanuary 2021
2Emergent and Beginning Literacy Learners: What Are the Differences?Emergent literacy is the early stage of young children becoming readers and writers. It begins at about six months and continues throughout their preschool years. At this level, the students interact with printed material and enjoy books being read aloud to them, focusing on pictures and storybooks with sounds, rhymes, and alliteration. They do crafts, with the manipulation of hands-on activities. Vocabulary development is difficult at this stage, but over time, the students learn to read and write as they develop this literacy skill. According to Saracho(2017), teachers should focus on the young children’s language abilities and provide them with the experiences that will help them to become more competent readers later in their school years.Beginning literacy occurs between ages six and seven years. At the emergent stage of development, students are unable to read and write. The concepts have to be taught to them for them to develop each literacy skill. According to research, children must be prepared developmentally and psychologically and be ready to learn to read. If they are not, then the task will be challenging (Kern & Friedman, 2014). At this stage, children learn the relationship between letters and sounds, high-frequency words and use their emergent skills to phonetically sound out words.Learning environments play an important role in making learning meaningful. Students are supported during their reading instruction. While the emergent learning environment is scaffold by the teacher, the beginning learning environment works more independently. Based onmy observations from the media and case study, there are differences in the emergent and beginning learning environments. The emergent environment uses read aloud daily as the basis in preparation for instruction. From the read aloud all the skills in reading are drawn out. For example, in the video file Reading and writing in the pre-k classroom, the teacher reads the story
3discussing the rhyming words and allowing students to comprehend as each page is read (WaldenUniversity, 2020c). Students are at various levels, and the teacher should plan activities based on the different ranges of students and mostly do hands-on activities. At the emergent level, studentsread most for enjoyment. They identify letter names as they are in the alphabet stage. In the Emergent reader and writer mini case study, the teacher did a picture walk before reading the textand then allows the students to draw on their schema to relate to the story and draw pictures about a problem (Walden University, 2020b). Students are in the process of learning to write words and simple sentences on their own, and one way of developing their writing skills is through the expression of drawings.

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