Sociology 1 Lecture11

Sociology 1 Lecture11 - Sociology 1 Lecture#11 14:29:00...

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Sociology 1 Lecture #11 14/02/2008 14:29:00 Prejudice—Negative attitude toward an entire category of people Ethnocentrism: Tendency to assume one’s culture and way of life are superior to others Racism: The belief that one race is supreme and others are innately inferior Hate Crime: A criminal offense committed because of the offender’s bias against a race, religion, ethnic group, national origin, or sexual orientation Discriminatory Behavior Discrimination: Denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups based on some type of arbitrary bias o Discrimination persists even for educated and qualified minority members Glass ceiling: invisible barrier blocking promotion of qualified individuals in work environment because of gender, race, or ethnicity Institutional Discrimination o Denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups that results from the normal operations of a society (i.e. college admissions being biased to giving opportunities to wealthy for additional college prep) Affirmative action: positive efforts to recruit members of subordinate groups or women for jobs, promotions
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