notes - October 3, 2007 notes 03/10/2007 17:34:00...

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Unformatted text preview: October 3, 2007 notes 03/10/2007 17:34:00 Precursors of the enlightenment Francis Bacon (1561-1626) and the roots of empiricism novum organum Rene Descartes (1596-1650) and abstract rationalism the discourse on method instrumentalism John Locke (1632-1704) and the philosophy of common sense (empirical reason) o Political philosophy (1689) the social contract and natural rights o Epistemology (1689) essay concerning human understanding empiricism Agnostic- someone who isnt sure about the origins of the earth or god. Ethics o Doctrine of innate ideas o The mid at birth as tabula rasa Isaac Newton (1642- 1727) and the scientific revolution o Principia mathematica 1687 3 classical of motion and the laws of universal gravitation metaphor of the universal clock the clockwork Universe (Newtonian world view) nature does nothing in vain Summary- principles which laid the foundations for the 18 th century European enlightenment o Anti traditionalism o The philosophy (epistemology) of empirical reason (common sense) Dominant themes of the enlightenment The enlightenment and religion theism deism atheism agnosticism o Natural religion o Anti clericalism o Deism the supreme being Society and politics o Liberalism nationalism som conservatism fascism o Enlightened despotism: Frederick II of Prussia (1740-86) and Joseph II of Austria o The baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) `the spirit of the laws 1748 limited monarchy and the separation of powers o Jean Jacques rousseau 1712 1778 The social contract 1762 The general will public interest The paradox of freedom October 8th 03/10/2007 17:34:00 agnosticism natural religion anti clericalism deism: the supreme being Society and politics Liberalism nationalism som conservatism Enlightened despotism : Frederick II of Prussia and Joseph the II of Austria- ruler as a servant of the people The baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) o The spirit of the laws 1748 constitutional monarchy o Limited monarchy and the separation of the powers o Admirer of Jon Locke, modeled himself on Newton, fan of English glorious revolution Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712 78) o The social contract 1762 idea from Locke o The general will (public interest) o The paradox of freedom o Mother died during birth, father resented him for that. He formed his political theories on these ideals of belonging. o Had mistresses, an abandoned illegitimate child etc....
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notes - October 3, 2007 notes 03/10/2007 17:34:00...

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