1notes - oct 9th 13:33:00 Medieval period 450-1450 •...

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Unformatted text preview: oct 9th 09/10/2007 13:33:00 Medieval period 450-1450 • Society, culture and politics • Church o Mass Mass ordinary Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei Agnus Dei- Prayer for peace • Music o Notre dame mass First polyphonic treatment of the ‘mass’ • Gregorian chant o Organum (organ) o Mass o Roots/ predecessors Lie in jewish churches o Established by pope Gregory the I. wanted to unify the music being sung in the church. o Catholic church o Definition Melody set to a sacred latin text sung without accompaniment (purely vocal) Official music of church since 1000 AD, still is. Intends to sooth, create calm inviroment o Monophonic Don’t know exact rhythm, pulse, no beat or meter, and the rhythm is flexible o Not as common now. o Anonymous composers o Do not use major minor scales, use church modes. Similar to the major minor scale, seven or eight modes. Half step and whole step pattern differs Names of church modes- Lydian IV Ionian I Mixolydian V Dorian II Aeolian VI Phrygian III Locrian VII o Alleluia by Anon. From mass Mass is a church service Range of vocal line? Very narrow. Stays in moderate range what is portrayed I feel very somber and tired. form • Hildegard con Bingen 1098- 1179 o Nun, visionary, politically involved, composer and poet o O! successors Famous work o Use of Drone o Range of Vocal line Climax • Polyphony o Organum 700-900 o Addition of a second line o At what interval? o 900-1200 polyphony o notre dame mass • Toubadors and Trouveres o 12 th 13 th C. noblemen o love themed songs o “pop” music of the day use of primitive guitar “lute” • Guillaume de Machaut 1300-77 o Priest and court official o Notre dame polyphonic mass is his o Unclear the origin of the title o 4 voices o use of rhythm in groups of three o dissonance October 16 th 09/10/2007 13:33:00 renaissance period 1450-1600 (age of discovery) •...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course MUSIC 104 taught by Professor Freisen during the Spring '08 term at Western Washington.

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1notes - oct 9th 13:33:00 Medieval period 450-1450 •...

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