• Head of government deals with day-to-day operations and political affairs, while the head of state as a ceremonial figurehead is the face of the nation • In order to have a ruling party in the English Parliament, that party needs to have at least 51% of the vote and, therefore, of the seats • In a parliamentary system the cabinet is crucial, as the prime minister is unable to do anything without or act independently of his or her cabinet • Case study • Consolidated democracies versus fledgling democracies/authoritarian states • Freedom House ratings on the democratic to authoritarian freedom index • First country (consolidated democracy) about the 10 or 11 conditions that dictate whether or not it will stay free • Second country (fledgling democracy or authoritarian state) about the 10 or 11 conditions that dictate whether a country will become free or not • What is Huntington’s whole purpose of writing this? How does Huntington characterize the three waves of democracy and when did they occur? What are the
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