SOC203 Week 5 Assignment - Running Head Education 1 Inequality in the United States School System Dalvin R Webb Jr SOC203 Social Problems Prof Risa

SOC203 Week 5 Assignment - Running Head Education 1...

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Running Head: Education 1 Inequality in the United States School System Dalvin R Webb Jr. SOC203: Social Problems Prof. Risa Garelick October 19, 2014
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Education 2 Inequality in the United States School System Introduction The school system in the United States is a complex system with varying levels from federal to local. The ultimate goal on all levels is to educate the population. Education can lead to an avenue of different possibilities in the future for a given individual. The only problem with this is the fact that not every person in the United States is given the same opportunity to an equal education. The inequalities in our country have an effect on the U.S. educational system. Sociologists have theories as to why there is inequality in education. So for our society to advance, there needs to be an understanding of why inequality in education exists and alternatives to improve it. Social Problems Educational inequality is the difference for which two classes in a society gain efficacy experience. This educational efficacy is measured by grades, drop-out rates, college statistics, and completion of college. Throughout the history of our country, education has been used to uplift or hold people down. African-American slaves in the beginning of our country were not allowed to get any form of education. After the Civil War, they were allowed to get an education since the legal abolishment of slavery. The only problem with this was the fact that racial stigma still existed; so laws were created to limited the education allowed to minorities. There was the landmark case, 1896 Plessy v Ferguson, which upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in all public facilities (Groves, 1951). This was called “separate but equal” and it divided all things from restrooms to schools. This was in place until Brown v Board
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Education 3 of Education. This was the landmark case that ruled state laws that established separate public schools as unconstitutional. This made public schools segregation illegal, but U.S. schools are still segregated. According to (Korgen & Furst, 2012), “Approximately three out of every four Black and Hispanic children go to schools where students of color represent the majority of students. Nearly 40% of Black and Hispanic children attend schools where 90–100% of the students are minorities.” This segregation can have an effect on the funding for the schools. The system is designed to give an advantage to the white upper-class people and communities. It becomes a social problem, because the minorities and poor are not granted the same opportunity as the white upper-class. According to (Korgen & Furst, 2012), “a 2011 U.S. Department of Education Report revealed that more than 40% of low-income schools across the United States receive less state and local funding than schools in higher income areas with schools of the same grade levels.” So schools in minority or low-income communities are not receiving the same funding as the upper-class communities. Part of school funding comes from
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