sociohistorical - Sociohistorical Context Implications for...

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Sociohistorical Context Implications for Cultural Psychology
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Objectives Define Context Define Sociohistorical Context (SHC) Consider the role that SHC plays in determining cultural attitudes and behavior Understand the process of extracontextual transmission of cultural phenomena Examine the influences of SHC in several world populations Appreciate the importance of considering SHC in psychological activities with cultural populations
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Context The interrelated conditions in which something exists or occurs : Environment, Setting. (Merriam- Webster Online Dictionary, retrieved 10/1/06 at http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/context ) Objects, events, or conditions surrounding a phenomenon that are helpful in explaining its nature. (Dr. Mc) Everything going on in a person’s life or around them. Context is often thought of in relation to a specific time or action.
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Sociohistorical Context (SHC) The social and historical circumstances during the time leading up to and surrounding a notable event. (Dr. Mc) Lev Vygotsky 1896-1934 Psychological phenomena originate in social interaction “An adult's essence is found in the essence of the environmental conditions.” The unit of study for understanding human beings should not be the individual, but rather a combination of the individual, history, culture, and social environment. Kurt Lewin 1890 -1947 Emphasized the importance of considering the whole environmental picture rather than isolated fragments as a prerequisite for change. Field Theory: Behavior is a function of the person and the environment Champion of interethnic problem solving and equal rights. Urie Bronfenbrenner 1917- 2005 Ecological model: consideration of the mutual influences of the individual, his/her immediate environments, influences on immediate evironments from outside environments, and the broader social context
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Bronfenbrenner’s Model
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