POGGE%20EXAM - PHIL\ZOO — capo/£3820 FRLL lootp Pogge...

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Unformatted text preview: PHIL \ZOO — capo/£3820 FRLL lootp Pogge Exam General: With Pogge we take a look at globalization and whether severe poverty in the “3"d world”, as a matter of JUSTICE, creates obligations for we who live in the “1“ world”. Pogge overall argues that the fact that world poverty is extensive and that overall inequality between the incomes and wealth of the top 20% of the world population and the bottom 20% is great and growing is partly the result of 1“ world international institutions and violates human rights (UDHR 25). He argues that therefore we have an obligation based on justice to support international institutions that alleviate this poverty and a duty not to support institutions that fail to secure each person’s right to a minimal standard of living. Each chapter we have read seeks to expand upon and support this overall conclusion. Exam: 1. Write on the essay question below (50 points). We will select five of the short answers below for you to write on. Spend about 25 minutes on each part. You must bring a bluebook. You may bring notes. 1. Essay: Carefully explain Pogge’s argument in the Introduction for the conclusion that we have an obligation not to ignore global poverty but to seek to alleviate it. (Minimally include: the extent of poverty, why the 4 commonly advanced reasons to ignore it fail, why the defense of our acquiescence [failure to do something about it] fails, the sense in which lst world is responsible for global poverty and hence obliged to mitigate it, the basic moral principle he advances). Briefly say what you think of the points he makes (feel free to criticize one or more of them) 11. Short Answer questions (40 points) Ch 1 Flourishing and Justice a. What are the basic elements of the ‘thin’ conception of human flourishing? b. What is the basic conception of ‘justice’ (1.3?) c. Briefly explain “human rights institutionally understood” and violation as non-fulfillment d. What specific rights do we have as basic to flourishing (1.6)? Ch 2 Human Rights e. What distinguishes a natural right from a human right? f. Define briefly and list several forms of “official disrespect”. Do you see any aspects of current US policies that Pogge might analyze as forms of official disrespect? g. What obligations do individuals in affluent countries have towards worlds impoverished? Ch 3 Loopholes h. Briefly explain the landlord case and the South African homelands case as examples of loopholes. i. Briefly explain ‘decolonization’ as a good act in itself but unjust overall j. Briefly explain why Pogge might hold the IMF/World Bank loans as legitimate in themselves but creating injustice overall. (You should check the Wikipedia entry on the IMF and World Bank before answering) Pogge Exam, page 2 Ch 4 Universalism and Global Economic Justice k. Set out the 3 elements of ‘universalism’ and why difierential treatment requires justification 1. Set out the two elements of ‘national justice’ and say why the global reality violates this ‘justice’ In. Set out the facts cited by Pogge concerning the extent of global poverty; of global inequality; of the trends vis a vis each. n. What are the key causal roles played by 1" world in global poverty? Be sure to discuss international resource privilege and international borrowing privilege as a part of this ‘causal role’. 0. Explain why ‘inequality’ is a measure of the degree to which poverty is avoidable/eliminable. Ch 8 EradicatmgGlobal Radical Pover_ty: The Global Resource Dividend p. Why, according to Pogge in 8.0, may states be required to give up some of their wealth to alleviate world poverty as a matter of justice? q. What is the Global Resource Dividend, how is it generated, and for what would it be used? r. Briefly explain the three reasons in 8.2 for holding the 1" world must as a matter of JUSTICE actively work to alleviate radical global poverty. 5. Explain some reasons why Pogge holds the GRD to be moderate, realistic and environmentally beneficial. Extra credit (to be handed in separately, typed, with the exam. Be quite brief, say 1 page typed.) What are your thoughts on the following key claims by Pogge? *That the 1" or developed world has, as a matter of justice, an obligation to seek to alleviate global poverty and a duty not to support global social institutions that are complicit in creating this poverty. * That everyone has a human right to “a standard of living adequate for the health and well being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care...” UDI-IR Article 25 * That everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in (the UDHR) can be fully realized. * That the GRD could be a simple and efiective remedy for world poverty ...
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