EU midterm2

EU midterm2 - Harder 1 Dan Harder POL 263: European Union...

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Harder 1 Dan Harder POL 263: European Union Dr. Marc O’Reilly 2 March 2, 2008 Question II: Major Institutions Since the early 1950s the European Union (EU) has evolved drastically, along with how problems are solved and policies are carried out. Continually being disputed because they are misunderstood by most are the five main institutions of the EU. The European Commission, The Council of Ministers, The European Parliament, The European Court of Justice and The European Council make up the political body of the EU. During the 1951 European Coal Steel Community recognized by the Treaty of Paris, these institutions were not known as they are today, they were the High Authority (Commission), The Assembly (Parliament), The Council (Council of Ministers), and the Court of Justice. These five major institutions are the framework that is the government of the EU. The European Commission as discussed in class is formally known as the executive and administrative branch. It is made for developing laws and policies and the authority to oversee them. Headquartered in Brussels, Belgium the Commission has two elements: twenty-seven appointed Commission College and several thousand European bureaucrats (McCormick). This is a supranational entity of the EU institutions (McCormick). This institution is a very easy topic for the Euro skeptics to bicker about as the commissioners are not elected into office, but are appointed. The College of Commissioners take a collective responsibility over one another as each of them has an area of assignments they are responsible for. They serve renewable five year terms beginning six months after elections to the European Parliament (EP) (McCormick). Each of them is nominated by the prime minister or president of their national government (McCormick). These nominations are made in a
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Harder 2 conference with the president of the Commission whom is Jose Manuel Barroso of Portugal and must be sufficient to other commissioners and governments, major political parties at home, and EP (McCormick). Despite being appointed the way they are, the commissioners are not expected to be representatives of their home country. Each and every commissioner has a cabinet or a small personal staff of assistants and advisors (McCormick) headed by a chef who provides advice and information that help commissioners do their jobs. Most members used to come from the same country, however recent rule changes states that members must be from at least three different nationalities. The cabinet of the
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EU midterm2 - Harder 1 Dan Harder POL 263: European Union...

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