EU midterm

EU midterm - Harder 1 Dan Harder POL 263 Dr. Marc O'Reilly...

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Harder 1 Dan Harder POL 263 Dr. Marc O’Reilly 24 February 2008 Seminal Events in the EU: Question I “West Phaliean” is often used as shorthand by political scientists to describe the international state system that has existed since 1648 (McCormick 17). Peace of Westphalia as discussed in class enshrines the sovereignty of other member states and borders; this is a well suited starting point of what is known as today the European Union (EU). Over a three century span Europeans have gone to war with each other and it was determined after the Victory over Europe Day on May 8 th 1945 to develop a permanent peace (McCormick 19). As discussed in class the first step to achieve a permanent peace came in April of 1951 when France, West Germany Italy and the Benelux states came together to sign The Treaty of Paris; which created the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). Aimed to create a supranational entity, this notion was objected by the President of French Parliament Jean Monnett who stepped down from High Authority to work on alternative communities based on political integration (Europa), in 1957 The Treaty of Rome was signed and established. This Treaty composed of the European Economic Community (EEC) and European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) had the goal of creating a single European market (McCormick). The EEC inherited the same institutional framework as the ECSC with only minor changes. The EEC and ECSC were separate entities until 1965 when the Merger Treaty was signed in Brussels establishing a single Commission and Council for the European Communities (McCormick). From 1972-1992 member states more than doubled to 15 when the Treaty of Maastricht was signed based upon 3 pillars making the European Community become known as The European Union (EU). To help fine tune the EU’s powers, the Treaties of Amsterdam (1998) and Nice (2003) were signed to help prepare for new members from Eastern Europe
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Harder 2 (McCormick). Four years later on December 13 th , 2007 The Treaty of Lisbon is signed; amending current EU treaties without replacing them. It will provide the Union with the legal frame work and tools necessary to meet future challenges and to respond to citizens demands (Economist). These seminal events are the precedent treaties of what is known today as the EU. Peace of Westphalia refers to the signings of two treaties; The Treaty of Osnabruck and the
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EU midterm - Harder 1 Dan Harder POL 263 Dr. Marc O'Reilly...

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