New and re emerging Epidemics Principles Notes

New and re emerging Epidemics Principles Notes - (Most...

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New and re emerging Epidemics Principles Notes Cannot completely prevent, but can reduce by addressing underlying determinants All emergencies are messy, but the mess should be as short as possible Basic Capacity for Outbreaks is the same as for Prevention of Chronic Disease and Infection Those who die are largely those with chronic disease, poor health or poverty Organization and Flexibility - rapid research and analysis, control and prevention Infections in history … a sampler 1/3 of Europe killed by plague-Middle Ages 90-95% pop of Americas lost post-contact Napoleon and Typhus in Russia 40,000 child deaths/ day-inf. and malnutrition Afghan children 100X mort of US-Cdn. soldiers HIV and Poverty in Africa 1 million deaths from Malaria/year etc. etc. Estimates of Health Impacts in Canada During a Pandemic
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11,000 to 58,000 deaths 34,000 to 138,000 hospitalizations 2 to 5 million outpatients
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Unformatted text preview: (Most deaths due to secondary infections, e.g. pneumonia) Economic costs: • health care: $330 million to $1.4 billion • societal (lost productivity): $5 to $38 billion • We cannot predict the impact of the next pandemic; impacts of previous pandemics have been very different. • However, simple statistical models that project estimates based on a set of assumptions are helpful for planning purposes. • The estimated economic impact of a pandemic influenza in Canada would be $10 to 24 billion ($5-38), excluding disruptions to commerce and society. The economic impact includes direct medical costs associated with hospitalizations, outpatient visits and drug purchases. The principal indirect cost was lost productivity i.e time off work, economic cost of a death. • When a pandemic happens, financial markets will prove as vulnerable as unvaccinated humans...
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