The Medical Definition Notes - Medical Approach...

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The Medical Definition Notes The normal physical state, i.e., the state of being whole and free from physical and mental disease or pain, so that the parts of the body can carry on their proper function. Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity. Health is a positive concept emphasizing personal resources, as well as physical capacities. Three Broad Concepts of Health Medical (Traditional) Behavioural (Lifestyle) Socio-Environmental (Structural)
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These approaches lead to different definitions of problems, different strategies, different target groups, and different people responsible for the activities of promoting health. Concepts of Health Promotion:
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Unformatted text preview: Medical Approach I (Traditional, Biomedical) • Health Concept is biomedical, absence of disease and/or disability • Leading Health Problems defined in terms of disease categories and physiological risk factors such as physiological deviation from the norm: CVD, AIDS, diabetes, obesity, arthritis, mental disease, hypertension, etc. • Principal Strategies : surgical interventions, drug and other therapies, health care, medically managed health behaviour change (diet, exercise, patient education, patient compliance), screening for physiological and genetic risk factors • Target : high risk individuals • General Approach : Individualized • Actors: physicians, nurses, allied health workers...
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