Kantian Theory - Kantian Theory Psychological egoism is...

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Kantian Theory
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Psychological egoism is defined by stating that all acts are motivated by self- interest and that altruism is impossible. Moral egoism is defined by stating that all acts ought to be motivated by self interest, and that altruism is possible but wrong. Hedonism deals with the pursuit of pleasure. The movie Requiem for a Dream , when critically viewed substantially clarifies and helps explain egoistic and hedonistic approaches to morality. All of the characters in the movie are acting for their own self interest. Although it seems like they are at some points working to benefit others, it is really only to further benefit themselves. Sara, Harry’s mother, has the saddest and perhaps the most innocent story of desire. All she ever wanted was to be on television, to show off her son and tell the world how much she loves him. One day, she gets a call saying she has won a chance to be on her favorite show. She wants to look perfect, so decides she needs to lose some weight. After realizing that dieting is too hard, she sees a doctor about some diet pills. She becomes addicted to them, loses a lot of weight and continues to wait for the call to be on television. Each pill has a different function for the different part of each day. One pill is substituted for breakfast, one for lunch, one for dinner than one to help sleep. Soon enough her body becomes adjusted to the pills and ‘misses’ the side effects. She decides to start doubling her medication, which becomes the point of no return. Hedonism states that all acts are motivated by the pursuit of pleasure. Mrs. Goldfarb is striving to lose weight to become more attractive once on television. She is literally destroying her body to fulfill what becomes a pipedream to appear on television. Egoistic Views state that altruism is impossible. Sarah Goldfarb helps
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define this principle. Altruism is defined as acting for the interests of others at the expense of ones own interests. According to Sara, she is only going to go on television to show the world how much she cares for her son Harry and her late husband. As romantic as this may sound, it is unfortunately untrue. She wants to better herself in her peer’s eyes by becoming famous. All of the other old ladies show her respect because she is going to be ‘on television.’ Harry, as with Tyrone and Marion all have drug addictions. Once again, Harry seems the most innocent out of the trio, making the audience pity him. The movie starts with him and Marion doing drugs together and progresses to them selling drugs, for what Harry claims to ‘get outta this place’ and ‘open up a store.’ Here, the movie demonstrates some psychological hedonistic traits in that Harry is
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course ETHICS Intro to E taught by Professor Raimy during the Spring '08 term at Rowan.

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Kantian Theory - Kantian Theory Psychological egoism is...

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