Key Terms (Ch. 1 - 14) - Chapter I Key Terms anthropology...

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Chapter I Key Terms anthropology The science or study of Homo sapiens, using a holistic approach. cultural anthropology A subfield of anthropology that focuses on human sociocultural adaptations. ethnography A written description of a culture based on data gathered from fieldwork. ethnology The comparative study of cultures with the aim of presenting analytical generalizations about human culture. archaeology The systematic study of the artifacts and ecofacts from past cultures as a means of reconstructing past lifeways. prehistoric archaeology The analysis of the material remains of cultures that existed before the time of written records. artifacts Objects made by humans. features Non-portable evidence of technology at archaeological sites, such as roadways and fire hearths. ecofacts The remains of plants, animals, or naturally occurring non-organic substances. site The location of archaeological remains such as artifacts and features. historical archaeology A subfield of archaeology that studies the remains of cultures that existed during the time of written records but about which little was recorded. cultural resource management (CRM) The conservation and management of archaeological sites to protect them. experimental archaeology An aspect of archaeology in which experiments are performed to learn how prehistoric artifacts and features were made and used. applied archaeology The use of archaeological methods to study the material culture of contemporary societies. Data can be used to develop social programs. behavioral archaeology An area of applied archaeology that focuses on the relationships between material culture and people's behavior. midden Archaeological term to designate an area of discard; a trash heap. linguistics A subfield of anthropology that includes the study of the structure, history, and social aspects of human language. descriptive linguistics The part of anthropological linguistics that focuses on the mechanics of language. historical linguistics The study of the history of languages including their development and relationship to other languages. ethnolinguistics A field of study in linguistics that analyzes the relationship between language and culture with a focus on how people speak in social contexts.
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biological anthropology A subfield of anthropology that studies humans as biological species. Also called physical anthropology. physical anthropology See biological anthropology. paleoanthropology The study of human biological evolution. quadruped An animal that walks on four limbs. biped An animal that walks on two legs. primatology The study of nonhuman primates. primates Animals in the Order primates; includes humans, apes, monkeys, and prosimians. Homo sapiens
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Key Terms (Ch. 1 - 14) - Chapter I Key Terms anthropology...

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