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05. The Persian Wars

05. The Persian Wars - -Repel the invaders Persians finally...

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The Persian Wars, 499-479 BCE - Athenians and Persians meet at Sardis in 507 BCE o Athenians accept a Persian alliance Persians believed that this was a permanent, never-ending admission of Persian superiority - In 499 BCE, Ionian Greek city-states rebel against the Persians o Athenians send aid to the rebels o Darius sees the Athenian aid as a breaking of their former alliance and a grave, grave insult – reminded one of his slaves to say “Sire, remember the Athenians” three times at every meal - 490 BCE Darius launches a fleet to install a puppet ruler, expects the Athenians to surrender - Athenians defeat Persians at the battle of Marathon o Defeat injures Darius’ prestige, not his kingdom - Darius’ son, Xerxes, mounts another invasion in 480 BCE - 31 city-states unite in the Hellenic league – choose Sparta as their leader
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Unformatted text preview: -Repel the invaders, Persians finally defeated at the battle of Plataea in 479 BCE-Lays the groundwork for the later formation of the “Athenian Empire”-After the war, Sparta and Athens both began to build up their own forces to strengthen their positions against each other-Sparta heads up the Peloponnesian League-Athens heads up the Delian League-Precursor to the later Peloponnesian Wars that tears Greece apart Thesis : The Persian Wars, although they temporarily strengthened the Greek nation, laid the groundwork for the formation of two rival empires – the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta, and the Delian League, led by Athens – that eventually erupted into conflict in the Peloponnesian War which tore Greece apart....
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