05. The Persian Wars

05. The Persian Wars - -Repel the invaders, Persians...

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The Persian Wars, 499-479 BCE - Athenians and Persians meet at Sardis in 507 BCE o Athenians accept a Persian alliance Persians believed that this was a permanent, never-ending admission of Persian superiority - In 499 BCE, Ionian Greek city-states rebel against the Persians o Athenians send aid to the rebels o Darius sees the Athenian aid as a breaking of their former alliance and a grave, grave insult – reminded one of his slaves to say “Sire, remember the Athenians” three times at every meal - 490 BCE Darius launches a fleet to install a puppet ruler, expects the Athenians to surrender - Athenians defeat Persians at the battle of Marathon o Defeat injures Darius’ prestige, not his kingdom - Darius’ son, Xerxes, mounts another invasion in 480 BCE - 31 city-states unite in the Hellenic league – choose Sparta as their leader
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Unformatted text preview: -Repel the invaders, Persians finally defeated at the battle of Plataea in 479 BCE-Lays the groundwork for the later formation of the Athenian Empire-After the war, Sparta and Athens both began to build up their own forces to strengthen their positions against each other-Sparta heads up the Peloponnesian League-Athens heads up the Delian League-Precursor to the later Peloponnesian Wars that tears Greece apart Thesis : The Persian Wars, although they temporarily strengthened the Greek nation, laid the groundwork for the formation of two rival empires the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta, and the Delian League, led by Athens that eventually erupted into conflict in the Peloponnesian War which tore Greece apart....
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