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Lec 2B.pdf - Lecture-03: Human Geography & Globalization...

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1ecture±²³#-uman ,eography ´ ,lobalizationProf° *))Dr° 2Md° Nazrul ..IslamPh°*))D° ±University of Tokyo² /Japan³ ±2M+**EXT ++Fellow³/JSPS Postdoctoral Research ++Fellow ±´µ¶´·´µ¶¸³N++FP ++Fellow for 2M°Sc° +**ES'&& )((Credits ±Netherlands³..IS+**E2M ++Fellow for +**Ecological 2Modeling ±US'&&³S'&&2MS ++Fellow for 2Marine +**E)((COP'&&T--H 2Modeling ±U0K³H^[^R]__[^*))Department of ,,Geography and +**Environment/Jahangirnagar University²Savar² *))Dhaka²+**Executive +**Editor·in·)((Chief2Modeling +**Earth Systems and +**Environment
GeographyGeography- the study of the earthPhysical GeographyHuman GeographyHow natural processes and theiroutcomes shape the earth±Weather Pattern±Soil Formation±Animal EcologyThe spatial organization of humanactivities and with people’srelationships to their environments±Agriculture Production±Population Change±Regional Planning
5 Themes of GeographyLocationExplains where something is on theEarth and the effects that position hason human lifeAbsoluteRelative±Measured bylongitude andlatitudeƾDescribed bysomething’srelationship to theplaces around it8Site#actual location of a settlement on theearth and is composed of the physicalcharacteristics of the landscapespecific to the area8Situation#the location of a place relative to itssurroundings and other places.
5 Themes of GeographyPlacerefers to all of the human and physicalattributes in a locationRegionA region is a spatial unit, or group ofplaces, that share similarcharacteristics+ormal-Area that has commoncultural and physical features+unctional- Group of places linkedtogether by some type of movement orfunction5erceptual- Group of places linkedtogether because of perceptions aboutthose placesHuman EnvironmentInteractionDescribes how human activities affecttheir environment and howenvironmental changes impact humanlifeMovementMovement of information, people,goods, and other phenomena
Tools and Methods±Remote Sensing: acquisition of data about earth’ssurface from satellite images are transmitted in digitalform±GIS: a computer system that can capture, story,query, analyze, and display geographic dataÛData capture: putting the information into the system
Types of MapsTopographic Maps±Measures elevation±Lines - ContoursIsopleth Maps±Lines measuresplaces of equaldata value±Lines - IsolinesDot Maps±Dots representspecified numberof occurrencesChloropleth Maps±Shadings representdifferent variationsin numbers
ScaleScale: relationship of a feature’s size on a map toits actual size on earth+ractional#numerical ratiobetween distances on the map onearth’s surface±Ex: 1:10,000Written#relationship between themap and earth distances in words±Ex: 1 inch equals 100 miles,raphic#consists of a bar line markedto show distance on the earth’s surfaceSmall scale: less details,big fractionBig scale: more details,small fraction

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Term
Fall
Professor
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Tags
Geography, Immanuel Wallerstein, Department of Geography and Environment

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