08. Alexander the Great

08. Alexander the Great - o Willing to adapt to the new...

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Alexander the Great - Macedonians able to fill the power vacuum left when the Greek nation collapses - Centers on ethnos, not polis o Large region joined by a common culture o King was a military leader who constantly had to assert his control - Macedon was a buffer zone between Greece and the “barbarians” - King Philip II combines his own forces with unemployed Greek mercenaries and takes over, filling the power vacuum - Unstoppable new fighting style: The Phalanx - Assassinated, and Alexander takes the throne - Alexander the Great only rules for 13 years - Studied under Aristotle, but more interested by the heroic works of Homer o Ideal of arête o Wants to surpass the Greek heroes of legend o Sense of purpose, fought on the front lines of battle o Truly heroic figure - How did he succeed? o Access to the Greek mercenaries
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Unformatted text preview: o Willing to adapt to the new cultures that he finds instead of just conquering them o Military Genius o Loyal to his troops – they’re loyal to him in return o Aggressive o Willing to Innovate – not bound by tradition o Conquers all of Persia and then some-Suddenly dies of illness-20 years of warfare between his generals who are all vying for power-Legacy: Greece and the Near East (formerly two completely different worlds) had been brought into closer contact than ever before-Sets the stage for the Hellenistic Period Thesis: The conquests and career of Alexander the Great connected the two foreign worlds of Greece and the Near East, and allowed for the rise of future empires – such as Rome – as well as the beginning of the Hellenistic Period....
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course HIST 1201 taught by Professor Howardeisenstatt during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

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