A Few Definitions

A Few Definitions - – even if premises are true it is...

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Lexical Definition – explanation of how a word is used in the English Language. Necessary Condition – A is necessary for B if it is impossible to be B without being A. Example: Being a dog is necessary for being a collie. Sufficient Condition – A is sufficient for B if it is impossible to be A without being B. Example: Being a grandfather is sufficient for being a father. Conclusion – claim that an argument tries to establish. Premises – reasons offered in support of the conclusion. Logically Consistent – when all premises are true at the same time. Logically Inconsistent – premises contradict themselves, or cannot all be true simultaneously. Causal Possibility – doesn’t violate the laws of nature. Logical Possibility – doesn’t contradict itself. Inductive Argument
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Unformatted text preview: – even if premises are true, it is logically possible for the conclusion to be false. Can be Weak Inductive Arguments or Strong Inductive Aruments. Deductive Argument – truth of the premises guarantees that the conclusion must be true as well. Sound Argument – valid deductive argument with true premises. Ockham’s Razor – An explanation is better than another explanation if (all other things considered) it is simpler. Principle of Conservatism – Explanation A is better than Explanation B if (all other things considered) Explanation A fits together better with the rest of my beliefs about the world. “a priori” Justification – justification based on an example or a case that occurred prior to your own experience....
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