Instrumental Conditioning

Instrumental Conditioning - Instrumental Conditioning -...

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Instrumental Conditioning - Called instrumental because the subject desires his environment to change in some way, but in order for this to occur, his own behavior will be instrumental in bringing about the desired change. - Alternate terminology is “Operant Conditioning” because the behavior operates upon the environment, changing it in some way. - Distinguished from Classical Conditioning o Classical Conditioning involves an association between stimuli, subject comes to learn that one stimulus is contingent upon the occurrence of another. o Instrumental conditioning involves an association between a response and a stimulus, the subject comes to learn that a stimulus is contingent upon the emission of a response. - First defined and studied by E. L. Thorndike Thorndike’s Law of Effect - Likelihood and strength of a behavior are determined by the consequences it produces. - If a behavior is followed by a positive state of affairs, the behavior becomes stronger and more likely (reward training). o
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Hovancik during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

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Instrumental Conditioning - Instrumental Conditioning -...

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