The Hundred Years’ War-Long-standing argument between England and France over who controlled some territories in France-In 1337 Philip VI of France confiscated the southwestern province of Aquitaine, which had been held by the English as a fief of the French crown-In a shocking and yet completely sensible move, Edward III of England in turn laid claim to the French Throne-Thus, War!-The war satisfied the interests of many groups-Nobles and Knights were able to demonstrate their chivalric valor-English yeomen were eager for booty, hostages, and conquests-Mercenaries hired by the English were able to make money-French were initially marred and hindered because their barons all acted independently of each other-Defeated repeatedly by the deadly English archers-Three Periods of War o 1. England Triumphs o 2. French Slowly Gain Ground o 3. England Expelled from France-End of the war saw the rise of France as a distinct nation-Third Phase was the most important-Began when Henry V of England launched a full scale invasion and crushed the
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