The Hundred Years' War

The Hundred Years' War - The Hundred Years' War -...

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The Hundred Years’ War - Long-standing argument between England and France over who controlled some territories in France - In 1337 Philip VI of France confiscated the southwestern province of Aquitaine, which had been held by the English as a fief of the French crown - In a shocking and yet completely sensible move, Edward III of England in turn laid claim to the French Throne - Thus, War! - The war satisfied the interests of many groups - Nobles and Knights were able to demonstrate their chivalric valor - English yeomen were eager for booty, hostages, and conquests - Mercenaries hired by the English were able to make money - French were initially marred and hindered because their barons all acted independently of each other - Defeated repeatedly by the deadly English archers - Three Periods of War o 1. England Triumphs o 2. French Slowly Gain Ground o 3. England Expelled from France - End of the war saw the rise of France as a distinct nation - Third Phase was the most important - Began when Henry V of England launched a full scale invasion and crushed the
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