07. The Peloponnesian War

07. The Peloponnesian War - known to capture a city,...

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The Peloponnesian War - War between Athens and Sparta that ended the Greek Golden Age - Each fears domination by the other - Sort of a Greek “Cold War,” with both sides building up their military resources - Pericles, Athenian politician and general, advocates a war of attrition - Plague hits Athens from 430 to 426 BCE, kills thousands, including Pericles - War of attrition fails without his leadership, Athens tries to attack Sparta - Sparta gets support from the Persians, who are STILL pissed about Athens breaking their alliance back in the Persian War o Also, supporting the Spartans would help the Persian Empire get rid of Athens as a trade rival - Other city-states who fear the “Athenian Empire” also join with Sparta - Athens surrenders in 404 BCE - War in this time is ridiculously brutal – both the Athenians and the Spartans were
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Unformatted text preview: known to capture a city, slaughter all of the men and enslave all of the women-Sparta is victorious but severely weakened-Athens gets another alliance to fight Sparta-Persia supports one side, then the other, to keep pitting the Greeks against themselves-Thebes destroys the Spartan army in 371 BCE-By the 330’s BCE it is clear that no Greek city-state can control beyond it’s own polis-Greece is shattered and broken, creates a power vacuum that allows the Macedonians to move in Thesis : The Peloponnesian War severely weakened both Athens and Sparta and shattered the Greek nation, which laid the framework for the emergence of a new power to fill the vacuum....
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course HIST 1201 taught by Professor Howardeisenstatt during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

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