Intro to Philosophy - SHU
Ethics: It’s Not Just for Aristotle Anymore
Throughout history, numerous people have dedicated themselves to the study of
the mysterious and strange subject known as Ethics.
This is not a secret, and is common
However, contrary to popular belief, not everyone who studied ethics was a
middle-to-late-aged white European or North American male.
As shocking as this may
sound, it’s true – people of all races, creeds, and sexes have pondered the mysteries of the
As a result of this, philosophy has become a multi-faceted discipline with many
different points of view.
In this paper, I will be discussing many of those different views,
including four traditional views of ethics, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Nel Noddings’
Ethics of Caring, Feminist Ethics, and Lesbian Ethics.
All of these different philosophies
concentrate on finding the morally “right” way to act, and all of them have different ways
of thinking about what that morally “right” way is.
In this paper, I will discuss the
philosophical similarities and differences in the ethical systems followed by Aristotle,
Feminists, Lesbians, and the four traditional systems.
It would probably be prudent to first discuss the four traditional ethical systems,
as outlined in Nils C.H. Rauhut’s book
Ultimate Questions: Thinking About Philosophy
Rauhut says that there are four main ethical theories, each based on different sources of
ethical behavior: Divine Command Theory, Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Virtue Ethics
Since it’s the first one I listed, let’s talk about Divine Command Theory.
Basically, the Divine Command Theory states that “an action is morally right if [it] is in