Thirty Years' War

Thirty Years' War - Thirty Years' War - Originated from...

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Thirty Years’ War - Originated from religious, political, and ethnic divisions within the Holy Roman Empire - Basically, tensions between Catholics, Protestants, Calvinists, and Lutherans reached a head when a crowd of angry Protestants defenestrated two Catholic deputies in Prague - Czechs establish a Protestant assembly to spearhead a resistance - Ferdinand II is elected emperor, rebellious Bohemians deposed him, placed Frederick V on the throne instead - 1620 Imperial armies defeat the Czechs at White Mountain, which becomes a symbol of the Czechs’ desire for independence - White Mountain doesn’t end the war; emperor has virtually no control over mercenary armies - Czech Protestant Albrecht von Wallenstein offers to raise an army for the Catholic emperor, raises 125,000 troops, starts plundering Protestant Germany - King of Denmark Christian IV then invades Germany to protect the Protestants - Ferdinand outlaws Calvinism and reclaims Catholic church properties confiscated by the Lutherans
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