Martin Luther

Martin Luther - Had to appear before Emperor Charles...

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Martin Luther - German Monk who entered the Augustinian Order - Gradually became uneasy with the institutional church - Came into conflict with church authorities when the new archbishop in 1516 ordered the sale of indulgences to pay for St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome and also to pay for his campaign for election - 1517 Luther composes 95 theses and they become public - Unleashes a torrent of pent-up resentment and frustration among laypeople - 1520 publishes three treatises; attacks the papacy in Rome as the embodiment of the Antichrist, calls upon the German princes to reform the church themselves - Says that faith alone, not penance, can save sinners from damnation, and that faith comes from a believer’s personal relationship with God - Ordinary people could read scripture on their own, without a professional caste of clerics to show them how - Ideas spread rapidly throughout the HRE, unleashing forces that Luther couldn’t control -
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Unformatted text preview: Had to appear before Emperor Charles V-Wasn’t killed because he was protected by Frederick the Wise, a German Prince who was entitled to be one of the seven electors of the Emperor-Urban movement exploded into war in the countryside in 1525-“Peasants’ War”-Many peasants in southern and central Germany rose in rebellion, plundering monasteries, refusing to pay taxes, demanding village autonomy, the abolition of serfdom, and the right to appoint their own pastors-Some were led by Thomas Müntzer-Peasants’ War split the reform movement as princes rallied their troops to track down and kill the rebels and their leaders-Luther tried to mediate, but the rebels ignored his pleas, and he called upon the princes to destroy the rebels-1529 Charles declares the Roman Catholic faith the empire’s only legitimate religion, and the Lutheran German princes protested and thus came to be known as Protestants...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course HIST 1201 taught by Professor Howardeisenstatt during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

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