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Unformatted text preview: Prof. J. Mendoza Introduction to Philosophy Study Guide to Ren Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) A. Vocabulary: Rationalism skepticism metaphysics epistemology equivocate B. Historical Context 1. In what century did Descartes live? 2. Where was Descartes from and where did he write? 3. What view of nature was modern science replacing in Descartes time? C. Meditation I (M1) 1. What does Descartes announce as his project at the beginning of Meditation I ? 2. What standard is he going to use to decide whether to reject a belief or not? 3. What can be doubted on the hypothesis that the senses sometimes deceive us concerning things hardly perceptible or far away? Why are the senses not to be trusted? Give two examples that Descartes uses to demonstrate that the senses are not to be trusted. 4. What can be doubted on the hypothesis that Descartes is dreaming ? What cannot be doubted? 5. Why does Descartes employ the hypothesis of an evil genius /great deceiver? What purpose does Descartes Evil demon serve? What can be doubted on this hypothesis and what does Descartes Evil demon serve?...
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