The Crusades

The Crusades - The Crusades - The expansion of the Seljuk...

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The Crusades - The expansion of the Seljuk Turks into Anatolia proves to be a mortal threat to the Byzantine Empire - Byzantine Emperor Alexis I appeals to Pope Urban II for money and troops to retake Byzantine territory - Urban does him one better by calling for a major Western European effort against the Muslims, concentrating on retaking Jerusalem - Reasons for the First Crusade o The Abbasids had allowed Christian Pilgrims to go to Jerusalem without harm for pilgrimages, Seljuks didn’t guarantee their safety o Using Crusades to solve European Problems Undermine the tensions in France o Gives the papacy greater control over secular leaders - Crusades offered different things to different people o Religious Issues Warrior Christ Sense of the nearness of the End of Days Dying as a Holy Warrior expunged one of all sins Religion was how people understood their world o Material Issues Primogeniture meant that only first-born sons got land, all other sons got screwed, wanted to fight to get land to set up Manors
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course HIST 1201 taught by Professor Howardeisenstatt during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

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The Crusades - The Crusades - The expansion of the Seljuk...

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