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Notes.docx - Explain social stratification. Social...

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Explain social stratification.Social stratificationrefers to a society’s categorization of its people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on factors that includewealth, income, race, education, and power.Wealth: the net value of money and assets a person hasIncome: a person’ s wages or investment dividends.Society’s layers are made of people, and society’s resources are distributed unevenly throughout the layers.Stratification is not about individual inequalities, but about systematic inequalities.Factors that determine a person’s social standinginclude:IncomeEducationOccupationAgeRaceGenderPhysical abilitiesDescribe systems of stratification.Types of System:Closed System: allow for a little movement in social position.They do not allow people to shift levels and do not permit socialrelationships between levels.Open System: Based on achievement; Allow for movement; Allow for interaction.The Caste SystemClosed System: Occupation and life-long social standing based on caste position at birth.People are born into their social standing and will remain in it their whole lives; Socialization encouraged all members of societyto accept social standing; Expected to socialize and marry within one’ own casteCaste System now dismantledNew opportunities for mobility:Education; Career; Political PowerLingering issues in rural areas:Lack of opportunities; Restriction on marriages between castes.The Class SystemOpen System: Classes made up of people with similar: Wealth; Education; Occupation; Income; Based on both social factorsand individual achievementClassconsists of a set of people who share similar status with regard to factors like wealth, income, education, and occupation.Common to see socialization andexogamous marriagesbetween classes-unions of spouses from different social categoriesSome feel pressure to enterendogamous marriages.-social conformities still exist that encourage people to choose partners within their own class, people are not aspressured to choose marriage partners based solely on those elementsMeritocracyOpen SystemSocial stratification is the result of personal effort—or merit—that determines social standing; Social Standing based on personalefforts or merits; No society has been based solely on meritsStatus ConsistencySocial stratification systems determine social position based on factors like income, education, and occupation.Status consistencyto describe the consistency, or lack thereof, of an individual’s rank across these factors. Caste systems correlate with highstatus consistency, whereas the more flexible class system has lower statusconsistency.Apply theoretical perspectives on social stratification.FunctionalismDavis-Moore ThesisAccording to functionalism theorists, various aspects of societies exist to serve a purpose. Functionalism addresses thefunction of socialstratification.

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