Art History Exam 1

Art History Exam 1 - Art History Exam#1 01:32:00 ←...

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Unformatted text preview: Art History Exam #1 06/03/2008 01:32:00 ← Prehistoric : ← Relief sculpture : sculpture in which the design extends from the background surface ← Ziggurat : a stepped pyramid of mud brick, used by the Sumerians and the Assyrians as a sacred site ← Cosmogram : miniature model of the universe; oriented to cardinal directions; use of axial symmetry ← Portraiture : ← Propaganda : ← Mastaba : a rectangular Egyptian burial monument, with battered walls (wall that slopes or slants inward toward the top) and a flat roof; one story structures made of mud bricks – sloped sides made for erosion ← Mastabas grouped to form a necropolis or “city of the dead” ← Held cult statue of decreased made in their likeness that would hold their ka or “soul” for eternity ← each would hold the body of an individual as well as a chamber with a statue of the deceased which also had to be permanent – it became the place where the soul of the deceased individual would reside ← Mastabas pyramids ← Necropolis : city of the dead ← Ka or “soul” : the part of the human spirit that defined a person’s individuality and that would survive on earth after death, needed a physical dwelling place ← Naturalism : when the elements or forms within a work of art closely resemble the appearance of those forms in nature ← Stylized : ← Idealized : ← Scale hierarchy : that size equals political power – statement of political authority ← Celt : carved of jade, economic value bc it has to be imported ← Shamanism : made up the axis mundi • components of shamanism (originated in Asia) o multi level universe, we are in terrestrial world o heavens o underworld o something unites these levels (axis mundi, world access) o trance experience (shamans/rulers can do this) ← Axis mundi : vertical space is the central; horizontal space is the 4 corners • Celestial world, terrestrial world, underworld ← Quincunx : pattern of the axis mundi ← Natural modeling : visual dialogue between the natural environment and the architecture ← Post and lintel : a simple system of architectural construction in which horizontal architectural members (lintels) are supported by vertical supports (posts) ← Axial symmetry : a compositional pattern with a central axis and bilateral symmetry ← Corbel vault : ← Psychoduct : the hollow tube that connects living and dead ← Iconography : the art-historical study of the subject matter of a work of art, including the investigation of the symbolism and the meaning of the subject in the culture that produced it ← Nirvana : enlightened state...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course ARH 301 taught by Professor Guernsey during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Art History Exam 1 - Art History Exam#1 01:32:00 ←...

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