Art History Exam 1 - Art History Exam #1 06/03/2008...

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Unformatted text preview: Art History Exam #1 06/03/2008 01:32:00 Prehistoric : Relief sculpture : sculpture in which the design extends from the background surface Ziggurat : a stepped pyramid of mud brick, used by the Sumerians and the Assyrians as a sacred site Cosmogram : miniature model of the universe; oriented to cardinal directions; use of axial symmetry Portraiture : Propaganda : Mastaba : a rectangular Egyptian burial monument, with battered walls (wall that slopes or slants inward toward the top) and a flat roof; one story structures made of mud bricks sloped sides made for erosion Mastabas grouped to form a necropolis or city of the dead Held cult statue of decreased made in their likeness that would hold their ka or soul for eternity each would hold the body of an individual as well as a chamber with a statue of the deceased which also had to be permanent it became the place where the soul of the deceased individual would reside Mastabas pyramids Necropolis : city of the dead Ka or soul : the part of the human spirit that defined a persons individuality and that would survive on earth after death, needed a physical dwelling place Naturalism : when the elements or forms within a work of art closely resemble the appearance of those forms in nature Stylized : Idealized : Scale hierarchy : that size equals political power statement of political authority Celt : carved of jade, economic value bc it has to be imported Shamanism : made up the axis mundi components of shamanism (originated in Asia) o multi level universe, we are in terrestrial world o heavens o underworld o something unites these levels (axis mundi, world access) o trance experience (shamans/rulers can do this) Axis mundi : vertical space is the central; horizontal space is the 4 corners Celestial world, terrestrial world, underworld Quincunx : pattern of the axis mundi Natural modeling : visual dialogue between the natural environment and the architecture Post and lintel : a simple system of architectural construction in which horizontal architectural members (lintels) are supported by vertical supports (posts) Axial symmetry : a compositional pattern with a central axis and bilateral symmetry Corbel vault : Psychoduct : the hollow tube that connects living and dead Iconography : the art-historical study of the subject matter of a work of art, including the investigation of the symbolism and the meaning of the subject in the culture that produced it Nirvana : enlightened state...
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Art History Exam 1 - Art History Exam #1 06/03/2008...

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