Nutrition Exam 1 Guide

Nutrition Exam 1 Guide - Hyperglycemic o Strong genetic...

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Nutrition Exam  1 Guide 07/02/2008 20:06:00 CHO- C6 H12 06 CHO Functions- 1. Energy: Brain (helps you think straight), gives you energy  2. Spare Protein: (gluconeogensis: breakdown of proteins) 3. Prevents  o incomplete breakdown of fats  o ketoacidosis: chronic state of fatigue  Simple CHO o Monosaccharide Glucose- most abundant sugar molecule in our diet Fructose- sweetest natural sugar, found in fruit and high  fructose corn syrup.  Galactose- does not appear alone in foods, binds with glucose  to form lactose  o Disaccharides Complex CHO o Starch- Storage form in plants  2 Forms Amylose- straight chain Amylopectin- branched chain  o Glycogen-Storage form of CHO in animals  o Fiber- Undigestible and supports structure of stems and leaves for  plants  Soluble-  Insoluble-  Diabetes
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Type 1 - (Auto-immune disorder) o Low insulin production by pancreas 
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Unformatted text preview: Hyperglycemic o Strong genetic link Type 2 o Insulin resistance o 80% associated with obesity Fiber Functions: Increase fecal bulk Promotes regularity Slows glucose absorption (prevents diabetes) Reduces Blood Cholesterol (prevents heart disease) Monosaccharides are delivered to the liver Fructose and Galactose are delivered to the bloodstream Hence, Liver can deliver glucose back to the bloodstream Gluconeogenesis Increase in blood glucose Lipids- Fats and Oils Triglycerides o Saturated o Unsaturated Lipid Functions- energy source, fuel source, taste, mouth feel, vitamin transport and absorption, blood pressure, sex hormones, satiety and fat digestion 07/02/2008 20:06:00 07/02/2008 20:06:00...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course IPHY 3420 taught by Professor Bradyheat during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

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Nutrition Exam 1 Guide - Hyperglycemic o Strong genetic...

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