cultural psych paper 3

cultural psych paper 3 - Jillian Finkelstein Psych 394...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Jillian Finkelstein Psych 394 Mutual Constitution in Research Schweder (1989) argues for the mutual constitution of psyche and culture. He defines culture as an intentional world composed of the people’s own constructs. The intentional world can only exist because of human interaction with and influence on culture. Such constructs include events, visible entities, or processes that hold meaning in the specific culture that they exist in because humans gave them significance by associating them with feelings and beliefs. Similarly, the Schweder defines the psyche as the intentional person. The intentional world and intentional person are interdependent of one another. The psyche includes “intentional states” and “intentional processes” such as desires, beliefs, and goals that motivate behavior. Just as humans give the intentional world meaning, the intentional world can shape the human psyche based on how a person reacts and responds to their own human designed constructs. In a process called mutual constitution, psyche and culture need each other. They cannot be studied as separate entities because their existences are dependent on the meanings that they gain from one another. Schweder (1989) notes that in our culture, weeds have a reality of being something undesirable, but they gained that reality because members of our culture have given them that meaning, whereas weeds may be desirable in other cultures. Simultaneously the weeds’ meaning, which has been given by humans, may cause people to destroy weeds to prevent its destruction of nature. In this example the weed represents culture or the intentional world which is dependent on the human psyche to give it
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
meaning and destroying weeds represents the human psyche or the intentional persons whose behavior is influenced by their reactions and involvement in their own human constructed world. General psychology, along with several other psychology disciplines, are concerned with the central processing mechanism of mental life, an inherent and universal mechanism that enables cognition, behavior, and learning (Schweder, 1989). General psychologists believe that everyone is the same intrinsically, meaning they have the same central processing mechanism and in order to study that mechanism it must be isolated from all external environmental influences that act as “noise” (Schweder, 1989). Cultural psychology rejects this notion of a central processing mechanism because the
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

cultural psych paper 3 - Jillian Finkelstein Psych 394...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online